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Common Toad

Scientific Name
Bufo bufo


Common and widespread. Colour varies between brown and greenish grey.  Emerge from hibernation in February/March. May travel considerable distances to return to same breeding ponds year after year. Spawn in strings rather than clumps. Most active at night in wet weather. Outside breeding season spend most of their time on land. Eat a range of invertebrates including flies, slugs, worms.

8-13cm (3-5.5in). Females larger than males.

Distinguishing features

Skin distinctly warty with two prominent bulges (parotoid glands) at the back of the head. Copper eyes with narrow horizontal slit. Walk rather than hop. Tadpoles difficult to distinguish from Common Frog in early stages, but larger tadpoles remain black and have more rounded head.

Useful links

Common Toad on RAUK
Common Toad on Wikipedia
Common Toad on AmphibiaWeb

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

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