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Natterjack Toad

Scientific Name
Epidalea calamita
formerly Bufo calamita


Typically found in heathlands and sand dunes, although in Dumfries and Galloway particularly associated with the merse (saltmarsh) around the inner Solway. Typically emerges later from hibernation than Common Frogs and Common Toads. Spawns between April and July. Spawn strings contain a single row of eggs.  Loud calling around breeding pools can be heard for large distances.  Breeding pools usually shallow, often ephemeral, and sparsely vegetated. Tolerates some salinity.

6-8cm (2.5-3.5in)

Distinguishing features

Warty skin with distinctive yellow stripe along back. Tends to run rather than walk or hop. Breeding habitat seldom contains other local species.

Conservation Status
Highly protected under UK and international legislation.  A priority species in UK Biodiversity Action Plan and Local Biodiversity Action Plan. It is illegal to capture, kill, disturb or injure the animals or to destroy or damage their breeding sites or resting places. All work with the animals or on their sites must be carried out under license from SNH.

Useful links

Natterjack Toad on RAUK
Natterjack Toad on Wikipedia
Natterjack Toad on AmphibiaWeb

Natterjack Toad ©SNH

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

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Mark Pollitt - SWSEIC,
5 Apr 2010, 04:48